With Content Views Pro, you are not only able to display posts of terms, but also display terms in output (like this).
You can do it easily with 2 simple steps:
1/ In Filter Settings tab, Advance section, select the Taxonomy (Categories, Tags…) checkbox.
Then select the taxonomy you want to show.
Finally, select terms you want to display.
2/ Select Show terms as output of “Output modification” setting.
You can adjust style (color, font…) of terms at tab Style Settings >> Color & Font >> Taxonomy as output.
To display term image, please install this plugin Taxonomy Thumbnail. Then you can select thumbnail image for each term in term editing page.